People for Ecologically Sustainable Transport

Category: History

A brief overview of Alans contribution to cycling and sustainable transport

Alan Parker obituary: Sprocket Man fought for cyclists’ rights on the road. Doreen Parker, 12 May 2016
ALAN PARKER | Activist | 30-3-1936 – 28-3-2016
Much of Alan Parker’s childhood was spent during World War II in Coventry, England, (where the family home was bombed) and in Birmingham, where street games included collecting shrapnel, and where he learned the art of frugality – how to feed a family by growing fruit and vegetables in the back garden. He retained a strong interest in Churchill and the war throughout his life.

The Urbanist: Why was cycling for transport slow to get moving? Alan Davies, 17 May 2016
One of the legends of utility and recreational cycling in Australia, Alan Parker OAM, died on Easter Monday. Alan was a co-founder of the Bicycle Institute of Victoria (now Bicycle Network) in 1974 and more recently a regular commenter on these pages on cycling and other topics.

Alan was way ahead of the times in his vision for cycling in the 1970s and 1980s. Although it was a key mode in the pre-war years, by the 1980s its share of adult travel in the inner and middle suburbs of Australia’s capitals was close to non-existent (see How big was cycling in Australia in the past?).

YarraBUG Radio Show #387 Monday 25th April 2016 – Tribute to Alan Parker OAM: Chris replays a two-part interview from 2013 with Alan Parker OAM.

Bicycle Network: Alan Parker 1936 – 2016
Alan Arthur Parker OAM was a giant of cycling advocacy in Victoria and Australia. He was a key founding member of the Bicycle Institute of Victoria (now Bicycle Network), president and Board member for many years. Alan was Vice President of the Bicycle Federation of Australia, a member of the State Government’s State Bicycle Committee, founder of PEST (People for Economically Sustainable Transport) and author of an almost endless list of papers of cycling.


PEST (People for Ecologically Sustainable Transport) was created by a small group of transport activists in 1996 to promote the need for an ecologically sustainable transport system. A transport system that greatly reduces road congestion, oil consumption and greenhouse gas emissions and increases the level of incidental exercise in travelling from A to B.

A transport system, not dependent on cars and SUV’s, that would ensure that the car industry becomes terminally ill at about the same time as the oil industry, due to the terminal decline in world crude oil production, known as peak oil.

PEST members write letters to politicians and newspapers; make submissions to government inquiries and planning studies and present papers at transport planning conferences.

The subjects covered in letters, articles and submissions include:
·   Bicycle planning and ecologically sustainable transport in Australia, New Zealand and the Netherlands.
·   Making walking and cycling safer: lessons for Australia from the Netherlands experience.
·   Making walking and cycling safer: by reducing urban speed limits and banning bull bars in urban areas.
·   The integration of bicycles and the public transport system including the need for theft and vandal proof bicycle parking at rail stations and modal interchanges.
· The evolution of the Chinese and Japanese electric power assisted bicycle industry.
·   Electric bicycles reduce oil dependence and pollution, are potential economic users of solar electricity and enhance the mobility of the elderly and partially disabled.
·   Unsustainable transport trends in the Census data for the journey to work from 1976 to 2006 in Australia and New Zealand.
·   The health benefits of bicycle and electric bicycle riding.
·   The end of suburbia: what happens when the cheap oil is gone and what are the public health implications.
·   Uncontrolled oil dependence is a threat to national security that could destroy the economy and increase CO2 emissions.

Alan Parker obituary: Sprocket Man fought for cyclists’ rights on the road

Alan Parker at Sorrento in 2012. Photo: Daryl Gordon

The Age: Alan Parker obituary: Sprocket Man fought for cyclists’ rights on the road (12 May 2016)



30-3-1936 – 28-3-2016

Much of Alan Parker’s childhood was spent during World War II in Coventry, England, (where the family home was bombed) and in Birmingham, where street games included collecting shrapnel, and where he learned the art of frugality – how to feed a family by growing fruit and vegetables in the back garden. He retained a strong interest in Churchill and the war throughout his life.

Alan’s father, Arthur, was an engineering design draughtsman and his mother Dora worked in nursing and millinery in addition to “mothering”. His younger brother Graham, like Alan, followed his father into engineering drafting.

Alan was very close to his maternal grandmother who had lived though WWI and was sympathetic to Alan’s anti- war activities. Alan’s education was in Birmingham, his secondary education at the Moseley Junior College of Arts and Crafts.

Alan completed a trade and mechanical engineering drafting apprenticeship and the Ordinary National Certificate in Mechanical Engineering.

He was fiercely proud of the role of English Midlands engineering firms in the industrial history of Britain and disappointed when, living in Australia, his qualifications were not fully understood.

As a teenager, Alan spent time reading and exploring ideas, including those of Bertrand Russell and Mahatma Gandhi who influenced his later anti-war activities. He was also a keen long-distance runner, a member of the junior Midland Harriers, and an admirer of athletics coach Percy Cerutty.

He was excited when, in the 1970s and living in Australia, he acquired a weekender in Sorrento in Victoria, close to the sand dunes where Cerutty had trained athletes.

A road accident in Scotland in 1957 put an end to Alan’s running activities but he continued to enjoy hill walking and cycling. During his convalescence in North Wales he met Evelyn Jones, a teacher, whom he married in 1958. Their daughter Sheila was born in 1961.

They moved to the Scottish new town of East Kilbride where Alan continued working in engineering. Alan joined two groups that campaigned against the presence of US Polaris submarines in Scotland, using non-violent techniques including demonstrations, sit-ins and fasts at naval bases.

During this period Alan spent six weeks in Barlinnie Prison in Glasgow after refusing to recognise the legitimacy of the court to deal with what he saw as an issue of morality after his arrest during a demonstration.

While in prison Joan Baez sang in Glasgow and dedicated a song to Alan and two others demonstrators in Barlinnie – hence Alan’s life-long love of the music of Joan Baez.

In 1964 Alan resigned from a plant planning position at Honeywell Controls because of pressure on him to refrain from promoting the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament while at work.

Alan and family returned to England in 1964 but two years later Alan and Eve separated and he returned to Scotland. In Glasgow he met Doreen Cormack, a librarian. In 1967 Alan travelled to Shiraz in Iran to join Doreen who had been appointed to a position in the university library there. A year later they returned to Scotland where they married.

In late 1970 Alan and Doreen travelled to Australia, arriving in Western Australia where they lived for a year and Alan enjoyed bushwalking, swimming and drafting.

In 1971 Alan and Doreen moved to Melbourne where Alan continued to do drafting and to enjoy the beach and bushwalking. After a few years Alan had to stop bushwalking because of worsening osteoarthritis in the hips.

He started to use a bicycle and developed an interest in urban planning and alternative transport, promoting improved pedestrian facilities with the Town and Country Planning Association and town planner Robert McAlpine.

The Bicycle Institute of Victoria was co-founded by Brian Dixon, Victorian Minister for Youth, Sport and Recreation, Keith Dunstan, journalist, and by Alan Parker in 1974. The BIV’s activities included lobbying politicians and planners, producing the newsletter Pedal Power and organising a Victorian bike ride. Alan was honorary research officer for 12 years and president for two years.

Alan also held other positions including vice president of the Bicycle Federation of Australia, membership of the State Government Bicycle Planning Committee, Acting President of the Town and Country Planning Association and a founder of West Of the Maribyrnong Bicycle Activists and of People for Ecologically Sustainable Transport.

He was an active member of the Public Transport Users’ Association and carried out planning work on the Geelong and other bike plans and on bike paths. He stood as a candidate at various levels of government for the self-styled Public Transport Party, the Australian Labor Party and the Australian Democrats.

Alan promoted the “human rights” of cyclists as road users by a variety of methods including production of the pamphlet Safe Cycling and an Australian version of the comic book Sprocket Man.

He had several hundred journal articles published promoting cycling as a means of transport and as a feeder to the train and bus network – and wrote numerous letters to The Age.

There were also many submissions to government enquiries – and participation in campaigns and demonstrations.

Alan was passionate about what he did, determined to succeed and extremely hard-working. Mostly, he was an unpaid volunteer, with the occasional paid contract appointment.

In the 1980s the Bicycle Institute of Victoria became the Bicycle Institute (now the Bicycle Network) and Alan withdrew from that organisation, broadening his focus to the relationship of sustainable transport to other environmental issues such as greenhouse emissions and peak oil.

Despite ongoing health problems Alan pursued a number of other interests including house renovations, garden landscaping, growing fruit trees and vegetables and jam-making.

He enjoyed bus trips, taking a folding bike for short rides in the country; hosting visitors to backyard barbecues; and overseas travel. He published an article on use of the bicycle for people with osteoarthritis and devised a seat for gardening for people with disabilities which utilised a bicycle saddle.

In the year 2000 Alan was diagnosed with congestive heart failure. In 2006 Alan and Doreen moved to live full time at their weekender in Sorrento.

Alan suffered a cardiac arrest in 2009 but continued to work from home at a reduced pace.

Alan was awarded the Australia Eureka Day Medal by the Anarchist Media Institute in 2007, the Victorian Town and Country Planning Association Barrett Medal for a notable contribution to planning in 2014 and the Order of Australia Medal for services to cycling in 2012.

Alan died of a heart attack in the Craigcare nursing home in Mount Martha.

He is survived by his wife Doreen, daughter Sheila and brother Graham.

Doreen Parker was Alan Parker’s wife from 1968.

© 2022 Alan Parker OAM

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